Why do you think it is important for a local city or county administrator to understand how economic base analysis applies to his/her particular jurisdiction? Provide an example to demonstrate your knowledge of economic base analysis.
The economic base of a jurisdiction is how that area generates revenue to sustain itself. There were a number of examples given in the lecture video: lumber assets in the Pacific Northwest; automotive exports from Detroit; the port district in New York City. The export of these assets helps generate the basic activities for the jurisdiction and commercial activities help to support it. It is important for local city or county administrators to understand this concept because their policies can have a direct effect upon the economic base.
A prime visual example is Radiator Springs (Links to an external site.) in the movie "Cars". Route 66 (locational advantage) provided the vehicle to drive tourism (basic activity) to Radiator Springs. Commercial businesses (non-basic activity) sprung up along the main road to help provide resources to the local population and tourists. When Interstate 40 was built, it diverted traffic away from Route 66, which impacted the economic base by removing the locational advantage to Radiator Springs. Some non-basic activities such as "Flo's V8 Cafe," "Ramone's House of Body Art," and "Luigi's Casa Della Tires" still existed to support the local residents, but many other commercial proprietors like "Carburetor Repair Emporium," "Pop n' Patch Tire Repair," and "Sparky's Spark Plugs" shuttered their storefronts because the basic activity (the export of tourism) no longer existed. Had it not been for a chance encounter with Lightning McQueen and the success of his fame from winning the Piston Cup, Radiator Springs may never have experienced a resurgence in its basic activity and a rebuilding of its economic base.
It is important for local city and county administrators to understand how economic base analysis applies to their particular jurisdiction because that is how they help predict the growth or decline of industries and the economy. Public administrators need it in order to know how to make their local economy grow and what industries or services are their money makers to help create jobs. An example would be a company that produces vehicles in that city. When they export those vehicles it produces economical growth and jobs. In order to make the vehicles they need employees and the more the company grows the more employees they need and the more public and local facilities have to open. For example, they need markets and gas stations, restaurants to be able to have their local economy grow. The more jobs open the more the city or county populations grow because they are going their to find employment. This is how they are able to have basic activities and non-basic activities have an economic base in the city or county. An economic base is what is able to generate many jobs in that area and also brings in money from outside the local areas because people from other cities, counties, states, and so one buy from their companies. The more the public administrator is able to identify as good for their economy the better. They can help economy development and they can target the workforce in order to help the economic base grow in their areas.
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