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There exists a very strong work ethic in the United States. So strong, in fact, that people in the United States tend to work longer hours than most other places in the world. From a global perspective, this trend toward “overwork” might indicate lives that are out of balance and explain a phenomenon known as “burnout.” How did it get this way for the United States? Why are people working not just one job, but two, sometimes three jobs? Does a college degree guarantee success or debt? Many people are caught in a conflict between working in a career that they will enjoy versus working in a “highly paid” career. How might we resolve that conflict and still enjoy life?
This week you will explore work and career development in adulthood, including analyzing attitudes, challenges, and potential solutions for many modern workers. You will also examine and apply Holland’s Career Code Types to your professional experiences and opportunities.
· Analyze attitudes and challenges toward work across cultural contexts
· Propose solutions to work and debt challenges in adulthood
· Apply Holland’s Career Code Types to professional attitudes and experiences
· Assess the value of career inventories for predicting future career paths
· Identify concepts, principles, and processes related to role theory, work/career and family goals, and retirement plans
Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
Arnett, J. J., & Jensen, L. A. (2019). Human development: A cultural approach (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
· Chapter 10, “Early Adulthood”
· Section 3, “Emotional and Social Development, Subsection: Work” (pp. 468-472)
· Chapter 11, “Middle Adulthood”
· Section 2, “Cognitive Development, Subsection: Work” (pp. 495-498)
· Chapter 12, “Late Adulthood”
· Section 3, “Social and Emotional Development, Subsection: Work and Retirement” (pp. 565-569)
Acs, G. (2011). Downward mobility from the middle class: Waking up from the American dream. Washington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts. Retrieved from http://www.pewtrusts.org/~/media/legacy/uploadedfiles/wwwpewtrustsorg/reports/economic_mobility/pewpollprojectfinalsppdf.pdf
Grinstein-Weiss, M., Perantie, D. C., Taylor, S. H., Guo, S., & Raghavan, R. (2016). Racial disparities in education debt burden among low- and moderate-income households. Children & Youth Services Review, 65, 166–174. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.04.010.
Holland, J. L. (1996). Exploring careers with a typology: What we have learned and some new directions. American Psychologist, 51(4), 397–406. doi:10.1037/0003- 066X.51.4.397.
Cummins, D. (2016). If you grew up poor, your college degree may be worth less. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/making-sense/if-you-grew-up-poor-your-college-degree-may-be-worth-less/#
Schabner, D. (2016). Americans: Overworked, overstressed. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=93604&page=1
Truity Psychometrics. (2016). Holland code career test. Retrieved from http://www.truity.com/test/holland-code-career-test
De Botton, A. (2009). A kinder, gentler philosophy of success [Video]. Retrieved from http://www.ted.com/talks/alain_de_botton_a_kinder_gentler_philosophy_of_success?utm_source=tedcomshare&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=tedspread
Addo, F. R., Houle, J. N., & Simon, D. (2016). Young, black, and (still) in the red: Parental wealth, race, and student loan debt. Race and Social Problems, 8(1), 64–76. doi:10.1007/s12552-016-9162-0
Cummins, D. (2013). Why Americans are overworked and under-pleasured. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/good-thinking/201306/why-americans-are-overworked-and-under-pleasured
Holland, J. L. (1987). Current status of Holland’s theory of careers: Another perspective. Career Development Quarterly, 36(1), 24–30.
THIS DISCUSSION IS DUE BY WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER THE 4TH BY 10PM
The U.S. populace is overworked, and this is a problem that has been growing larger with every passing year. While Americans work more, they are far less happy than people in other industrialized countries, and they have a significant problem surrounding educational debt. These challenges mean that for each new generation of workers, the future is potentially less certain and more impenetrable than before.
To prepare, review the Resources provided in this week and consider the way one specific country of your choosing approaches the concepts of “downward mobility,” “second shift,” and “work and leisure balance”. Be sure to also consider the connection between student loan debts and overwork among educated individuals.
By Day 3
Post an analysis of attitudes and challenges toward work across cultural contexts. Your analysis should include the following:
· Discuss why the U.S. workforce is potentially more susceptible to overworking. Provide specific references to support your conclusions.
· Discuss examples of what the identified country is doing differently than the United States to create the better work/leisure balance. Discuss why these strategies might not work in the United States.
· Recommend at least one societal change that could address the problem of “overwork” among the U.S. workforce.
· Recommend at least one societal change that could address racial disparities of debt burdens and attitudes toward higher education.
THIS ASSIGNMENT IS DUE SATURDAY NOVEMBER THE 7TH BY 10PM
Assignment: Career Codes and Attitudes
Think back to when you were 5 years old and the future job you wanted to have. Then, think of how that changed over time. What TV shows or books really caught your interest over time? Did those influence your future career ideas? In your paper this week, you’ll take a look at how your own unique personality traits and interests connect with various fields of work, and consider how predictive those traits and interests might be of future success.
To prepare, take the “Holland Code Career Test” provided in the week’s Resources and consider the recommendations given. Be sure to consider how your view of jobs and careers has changed over your lifetime and why these changes may have occurred.
By Day 7
A 2- to 3-page paper applying Holland’s career code types to your professional attitudes and experiences. Your application should include the following:
· Describe how your attitude toward work changed has changed over the course of your lifetime, especially within adulthood. Provide examples.
· Briefly summarize your results from the “Holland Code Career Test,” including any recommendations provided.
· Demonstrate how the results from the “Holland Code Career Test” were consistent or conflicting with your current career path. Provide examples from your professional experience.
· Discuss what surprised you most about your results.
· Explain whether or not you believe that taking career inventories such as the “Holland Code Career Test” is a good predictor for future career paths. Include examples to support your position.
This section shows your top career interest areas. There are 6 total interest areas, each with its own set of typical work tasks, roles, and values. Some of these interest areas will appeal to you, while others will be less attractive. Choosing a career which is a good match for your interest profile ensures that you enjoy your daily work and get satisfaction out of your accomplishments.
Each of the six interest areas describes a cluster of related work tasks and activities. People who are drawn to each of these interest areas tend to have certain characteristics, preferences, and personality traits in common.
Building jobs involve the use of tools, machines, or physical skill. Builders like working with their hands and bodies, working with plants and animals, and working outdoors.
Thinking jobs involve theory, research, and intellectual inquiry. Thinkers like working with ideas and concepts, and enjoy science, technology, and academia.
Creating jobs involve art, design, language, and self-expression. Creators like working in unstructured environments and producing something unique.
Helping jobs involve assisting, teaching, coaching, and serving other people. Helpers like working in cooperative environments to improve the lives of others.
Persuading jobs involve leading, motivating, and influencing others. Persuaders like working in positions of power to make decisions and carry out projects.
Organizing jobs involve managing data, information, and processes. Organizers like to work in structured environments to complete tasks with precision and accuracy.
Your primary interest area is also called your career type. Your career type describes the kind of job tasks and activities you enjoy doing, as well as what motivates and satisfies you at work. Certain personality traits and characteristics are associated with each career type.
As a Thinker, you enjoy working with ideas and theories. You want to solve complex problems through rational, logical analysis. You are fascinated by the sciences and the process of discovering new information about the world around you. You are drawn to environments where research is the focus, such as academia or scientific industries. You want to explore and discover new ideas in your work.
Top Job Tasks
Your Core Values
Key Personality Traits
Thinkers like their work best when they can continually grow their intellect and improve their understanding of the laws of the universe. As a Thinker, your primary career goal will be to find a job that allows you to use your powers of rational analysis to form theories, test hypotheses, gather data, and make exciting new discoveries.
To discover ideal jobs, career fields, and college majors for Thinkers, upgrade to your premium report.
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