Describe a key term from the chapter that is most interesting to you (see key terms at the end of the chapter). Describe a study relevant to the key term and why it is important (use any information from the lecture, textbook or videos). Discuss the implications- what do we learn from it?
Make sure to show your knowledge of the content! I want to see you engaging with the course material- you can even use material from other modules when you see appropriate.https://youtu.be/bM8F0gtKEjY https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/swedish-hero-recounts-nabbing-stanford-rapist-brock-turner-n587421 https://youtu.be/Ufs8cKyzLvg
Tim HuangModule 8COLLAPSEThe most interesting term from this chapter would be the bystander effect. It means that the presence of others inhibits helping behavior. In the Ted Talk by Ken Brown, he mentions a social psychology experiment in 1968 performed by John Darley and Bibb Latane. The premise of the experiment was to have subjects be alone in a room with headphones on and have them listen to other people. They were led to believe that they were alone or with others: two or five other people. Then they would hear someone describe the symptoms of a stroke and call for help. The time that the subjects took to respond to help was being recorded. When subjects were alone, it took them 50 seconds to get help, but when there are 5 others, the time for them to get help was three minutes. People feel as if others have the responsibility to take action and wait for them to take action first before they would do anything. But if everyone thinks like this, no one would take action first and the person needing help wouldn't get it. But we also learned that if a person takes action, others will be more willing to help since they see others taking action and see it as the right thing to do. What we learned is that others are less willing to help when there are others around them, but when a single person takes action they are more willing to help than before.
Brandon BoweModule 8 Discussion: HelpingCOLLAPSEI found that the bystander effect was an interesting term from this chapter. The bystander effect describes the relationship between an individual deciding to help someone and the number of bystanders around the individual making the decision. In larger groups, an individual is less likely to take responsibility and help someone due to the high levels of anonymity. It is incredible to recognize that people can walk right past someone in need just because they assume someone else should take responsibility for them, but our decision-making is heavily reliant on our anonymity in the group. The first relevant study on the bystander effect was The Latane & Darley’s study. For the study, a participant would be in a room surrounded by any number of other people(confederates). Suddenly, a simulated seizure would happen over an intercom, but the participant would believe it was one of the other individuals suffering. They would measure how long it took for the participant to call for help, and they found that the more bystanders there were in the room, the longer it took the participant to react. This study established the beginning of the bystander effect and solidified the idea that more bystanders led to a decrease in help. However, in Ken Brown's Ted Talk, he discusses some of the positive implications surrounding the study of the bystander effect. He describes a concept, which he names the Helper Effect, and discusses a situation where the bystander effect can become complicated. If one person helps, others are also more likely to help. This aspect of the bystander effect suggests that this phenomenon is more convoluted than in Latane & Darley’s study. When no one decides to help, we are more likely to avoid making a decision, but once the first person decides to help, we are more likely to help together. The bystander effect helps to provide the power of anonymity in our decisions, but it is limited to others' abilities to help around us. For example, in the Milgram Experiment, there were low levels of anonymity for the participants who were administering high levels of shocks. Most participants felt compelled by the experimenter to continue, but according to the debriefs, they thought they were doing the wrong thing. If the participant had recognized someone else's decision to help(maybe the experimenter or another bystander) the confederate calling out in pain, they too could have joined to help, regardless of their need to conform. It is interesting to decide whether the power of conformity or the power of Ken Brown's helper effect would have more of an influence in this hypothetical.
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